Disclaimer -This online consultation is not a substitute to consulting the doctor in the clinic or hospital. Medical advice asked and accepted on the Internet (without physically examining the patient) is at the patient's own risk. Generally it is always advisable to get a physical examination of the patient while seeking medical advice

Delivering the right of
good health to you

Surgery for Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Indian cities. It is the 2nd most commonly found cancer in rural areas. The incidence of breast cancer is highest in the age group of 40 to 50 years which is around 48 percent. Around an estimate of 16 percent cases of breast cancer in ages 30 to 40 and 4 percent in the ages of 20-30 years. It is rising alarmingly in the young population.
Breast Cancer surgery in Chennai is provided at its best in our clinic. We encourage our patients to take the breast cancer screening test to detect the tumors at an early stage. The medical expertise of our specialist paves the way in developing the best breast cancer treatment in Chennai.

Breast cancer is life-threatening and one of the leading causes of cancer deaths in women worldwide. Changes in the size and shape of the breast, skin dimpling, nipple inversion, blood-stained single-duct discharge and presence of an axillary lump are some of the signs and symptoms noticed in patients with breast cancer. Abnormalities are initially detected on a mammogram along with clinical evaluation. Subsequent Ultrasonography and MRI assist in clinical examination of all suspicious lesions. PET scans accompanied by CT will localize and identify internal mammary or supraclavicular lymph node metastasis to stage the cancer.

Percutaneous vacuum-assisted large-gauge core needle biopsy acronymed VACNB provides image guidance for freshly detected tumours. Scarring is minimized and accurate pathologic diagnosis is obtained for appropriate management.

Surgery is the only available treatment for breast cancer. Negative margins along with the complete resection of tumour are accomplished to reduce the risk of recurrences.
Lumpectomy – A wide 1 cm margin around the lesion is resected along with the primary tumour. This surgery is carried out for patients with stage I and stage II carcinomas. A quandrantectomy will remove the entire breast quadrant and is cosmetically less preferred than the lumpectomy. Palpation guidance and image guidance are used in performing the technique.

  • The lump is marked with an indelible marker before making the skin incision
  • A periareolar incision or a curvilinear incision is made depending on the location of the lump
  • One side of the skin incision is lifted up with the help of cat’s paws retractors or Littlewood forceps
  • Diathermy will lift the flaps all around the dimensions of the lesion
  • The lump is excised down up to the pectoral muscle taking a significant margin along with it
  • The surrounding breast tissue is mobilized for good cosmesis

Total mastectomy – Also known as the modified radical mastectomy, the procedure involves removal of the entire breast which includes skin, nipple, areola and a major portion of the axillary lymph nodes.

  • The skin is incised along the markings
  • Approximately 5 mm thick skin flaps are made viable to leave subcutaneous tissue and superficial vasculature
  • The avascular plane is identified after adequate countertraction and careful retraction
  • Tumescent solution is infused into the avascular plane to aid dissection and minimize blood loss
  • Superior and medial division of the pectoralis fascia is done with the dissection proceeding to the lateral edge of the pectoralis
  • The breast is then completely removed

Ask doctor